Coronavirus: Fear of a Pandemic, or a Pandemic of Fear? When a single molecule of ammonium nitrate decomposes it gives up 3.5 molecules of gas (1). Ammonium nitrate is a very powerful white crystalline substance that saw most of its use in WWI. Asked in a telephone interview if there are any early findings in the investigations related to the cause of the explosion, she said, "There are no preliminary results or clarification.". Large crowds, chanting "revolution, revolution,". It also has three nitro groups, which are itching to escape as carbon monoxide, nitrogen, and water. A man leaves his damaged house on Thursday. It contains no carbon - only nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen. Let's take a look at some explosive chemicals. The self-inflating life vests in airplanes work in a similar manner. An injured man sits next to a restaurant in the Mar Mikhael neighborhood on Wednesday. It is most commonly used … In 2013, the MV Rhosus set off from Batumi, Georgia, destined for Mozambique, according to the vessel's path and the account of its captain Boris Prokoshev. An explosion of ammonium nitrate was responsible for the worst industrial accident in US history in 1947. The site, … Storing and handling ammonium nitrate. A component of fertilizer, ammonium nitrate is potentially explosive. The ammonium nitrate explosion results from a fire that spreads into the ammonium nitrate (Texas City, TX; Brest; West, TX; Tianjin; Beirut), or from ammonium nitrate mixing with a combustible material during the fire (Repauno, Cherokee, Nadadores). Should You Worry About Artificial Sweeteners? A mixture of 94% porous pellets of ammonium nitrate acts as an oxidizing agent when added to fuel oil (6% of the total volume) and can be used to create a basic but deadly explosive. Teflon and Human Health: Do the Charges Stick? "The Port Authority should not have allowed the ship to offload the chemicals into the port," he said. Compressed carbon dioxide is stored in canisters in the vest. Explosives. The orange plume is caused by the nitrogen dioxide, which is … It's the chemical that Richard Reid ("The Shoe Bomber") had in his shoe in an American Airlines flight to Miami in 2001. 'I Feel Fine' - Beatles legend McCartney gives COVID vaccine a shot in the arm 18.12.2020 18.12.2020 But public court documents CNN obtained through the prominent Lebanese human rights activist, Wadih Al-Asmar, reveal that Daher and his predecessor, Merhi, turned to Beirut's courts to help dispose of the dangerous goods multiple times from 2014 onwards. ", On Wednesday, the Director General of Beirut Port Hassan Kraytem told local television channel OTV: "We stored the material in warehouse number 12 at Beirut port in accordance with a court order. Lebanese Red Cross officers carry an injured woman on Tuesday night. Hundreds of people have been reported missing. If mixed with ingredients like fuel or some other contaminants, or because of some other external factors, it can be very explosive. But when the hydroxyl groups are converted to nitrate esters you have a completely different beast. Hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced. Fortunately, he was too incompetent to ignite it. "We were asked to fix a door of the warehouse by State Security and we did that at noon, but what occurred in the afternoon I have no idea," he said. The explosion was near the port in the Lebanese capital. On Wednesday, Lebanese Information Minister Manal Abdel Samad Najd said there are papers and documents dating back to 2014 proving the existence of an exchange of information about the "material" confiscated by Lebanese authorities. Nigerian government: Military has rescued all kidnapped schoolboys, How Chinese government tries to silence overseas Uyghurs, Boko Haram claims responsibility for kidnapping, prompting fear of increasing influence, See inside Korean CCTV unit contact tracing citizens, See total solar eclipse in parts of South America, Woman loses dog under massive amounts of sea foam, Mother pleads with government as more than 300 students are missing, See 104-year-old coronavirus survivor celebrated by hospital staff, CNN investigation uncovers tailing of Navalny prior to poisoning. CNN's Kareem Khadder, Schams Elwazer, Rob Picheta and Laura Smith-Spark contributed to this story. A gigantic amount of ammonium nitrate recently exploded in Beirut, killing hundreds, injuring thousands while causing catastrophic damage. ACSH does not have an endowment. A person hugs French President Emmanuel Macron during his visit to the Gemmayzeh neighborhood in Beirut on Thursday. It has a role as a fertilizer, an explosive and an oxidizing agent. Beirut was declared a "disaster city" by authorities on Wednesday. No sir, they want their freedom and it can take a very small nudge, physical or chemical, to grant them their wish. 9/11 Truther Mark Ruffalo Testifies to Congress on Science, Nothing Grimes Said About Eyeballs or Depression Makes Any Sense, Jeff Bezos' Plan to Colonize Space is Based on Sheer Nonsense, Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. is Helping Spread Flu and Cervical Cancer, Anti-Monsanto Lawyer and USRTK, Carey Gillam Collaborator Possibly Headed to Prison for Extortion, Journalist Peter Fairley Cites Anti-Vaxx Website, Spreads Misinformation on Flu, COVID-19, DeSmogBlog: Climate Website Is Headed by Anti-Vaxxer Brendan DeMelle, DeSmogBlog: Climate Activist Site Smears Freeman Dyson and Other Scientists. "Both of these things will be questioned in the investigation into the Beirut explosion, because they had such a large amount of ammonium nitrate, which may not have been stored appropriately, and in an area where there is a large number of people," he added. "Due to the extreme danger posed by this stored items in unsuitable climate conditions, we reiterate our request to the Port Authorities to re-export the goods immediately to maintain the safety of the port and those working in it," Daher's predecessor, Chafic Merhi, wrote in a 2016 letter addressed to a judge involved in the case. Are "Low Dose" Health Effects of Chemicals Real? NH4NO3 (s) -------> N2 (g)  +   2H2O (g) + 1/2 O2 (g). CNN made several unsuccessful attempts to reach Grechushkin on a Cyprus telephone number. A man sits inside a damaged home in Beirut, Lebanon, on Friday. It was then kept in that hangar for six years, despite repeated warnings from the Director of Lebanese Customs, Badri Daher, of the "extreme danger" that the cargo posed. Images of America-West-Texas City Explosion-1947-Ammonium Nitrate-PHOTOS-X-RARE! Lebanese soldiers search for survivors on Wednesday. Once the bottle is opened the ether is exposed to oxygen and it slowly forms explosive hydroperoxides. Bachar Ghattas, an eyewitness, described scenes of chaos: "You can see injured people all over the streets in Beirut, glass all over the place, cars are damaged. Should You Worry About Artificial Flavors Or Colors? Singer and Bloom in the Philadelphia Inquirer, Allergic Reactions to Pfizer's Vaccine Were Inevitable, and it's No One's Fault. A woman walks over rubble in her apartment on Wednesday. Ether (diethyl ether) is one of the most common organic solvents used in labs. It comes in a metal can with a label on which you need to write the date the bottle was first opened. It must be mixed with other primary explosives to form an explosive mixture. The resulting fire caused an explosion and additional fires that damaged more than 1,000 buildings and killed nearly 400 people, according to the website of the Texas Historical Association. A helicopter fights a fire Tuesday at the scene of the explosion. Once in Beirut, the MV Rhosus was detained by local port authorities due to "gross violations in operating a vessel," unpaid fees to the port, and complaints filed by the Russian and Ukrainian crew , according to the Seafarers' Union of Russia (affiliated with the International Transport Workers' Federation, or ITF), which represented the Russian sailors, told CNN. Now Explosive Organic Peroxides. COVID Shortages From Bottom to Top; Now It's Rolaids? Executive Vice President and the Director of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Science. You can think of these gases as being "trapped" within the molecule. However, if it is contaminated with impurities, the risk of it detonating increases. The Moldovan-flagged ship stopped in Greece to refuel. A Pictorial History of Texas City Explosion 1947. Rescue crews search a street for survivors on Tuesday night. Books are seen in the blast debris on Friday. Ammonium nitrate, which is used in fertilizers and bomb making, is a salt made from ammonium and nitric acid, and it is highly explosive. Documents newly reviewed by CNN reveal that a shipment of 2,750 metric tons of, Once it arrived, the ship never left Beirut's port, according Lebanon's Director of Customs, Badri Daher, despite repeated warnings by him and others that the cargo was the equivalent of "a floating bomb.". Ammonium nitrate stored in a warehouse linked to catastrophic Beirut explosion. A wounded man is helped as he walks through debris following the explosion. Ammonium nitrate is the fertilizer compound that can be used in explosives, said John Goodpaster, who researches explosives at Indiana at University-Purdue University Indianapolis. Emergency wards have been inundated. People gather by damaged buildings after the blast. Nearby stores of … People run for cover following the explosion. Firefighters use a water hose on flaming debris. HSE’s leaflet INDG230 Storing and handling ammonium nitrate provides information relating to the general duties imposed on employers by the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 with regard to the safe storage and handling of ammonium nitrate at, for example, harbours, merchant stores and manufacturers’ premises. When they are opened (either manually or automatically by exposure to water the vests inflate rapidly. Pentaerythritol, a common chemical intermediate for the production of plastics, paints, and cosmetics. Despite being a major component of many explosives, ammonium nitrate does not act as an explosive by itself. It is also a key component of ANFO, (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil), an industrial explosive used in mining, quarrying, and civil construction and accounting for 80% of all the industrial explosives used in US. 1. Chemically, it's not at all surprising that ammonium nitrate can detonate. We raise our funds each year primarily from individuals and foundations. People walk Wednesday along a road littered with debris and abandoned vehicles. A Russian rescue worker and dog search the Beirut port on Friday. Don't Panic, Everything Goes to Pot: Myths Are Driving FDA, CDC Vaping Policy, What the Hulk? Helping Smokers Quit: The Science Behind Tobacco Harm Reduction, Foods Are Not Cigarettes: Why Tobacco Lawsuits Are Not a Model for Obesity Lawsuits, The Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis: A Review. Chemical Agents. How Toxic Terrorists Scare You With Science Terms, Adult Immunization: The Need for Enhanced Utilization, IARC Diesel Exhaust & Lung Cancer: An Analysis. We knew that they were dangerous materials, but not to that extent. Perhaps the closest comparison to Beirut's explosion, in terms of scale, is a blast in Texas City in 1947, which was caused by 2,300 US tons (about 2,087 metric tons) of ammonium nitrate. A woman, whose son is said to be missing after Tuesday's explosion, waits outside Beirut's port on Thursday to receive information from rescue teams. It contains no carbon - only nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen. Kauffman said, in principle, ammonium nitrate should be highly explosive by itself, but it is not. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the formula NH4 NO3, and it's made by combining ammonia with nitric acid. On explosion, ammonium nitrate yields N 2, O 2, and water as the by-products. You should see a pattern. In some ways, ammonium nitrate is the perfect explosive. TAT contains 7 carbon atoms (C) and 3 nitrogen (N) + oxygen (O) atoms. It was carrying 2,750 metric tons of ammonium nitrate, an industrial chemical commonly used around the world as a fertilizer -- and in explosives for mining. But the compound can contribute to explosions because it … COPYRIGHT © 1978-2020 BY THE AMERICAN COUNCIL ON SCIENCE AND HEALTH. Christelle Helou hugs the coffin of her cousin Nicole in Sarba, Lebanon, on Thursday. If the name sounds familiar it's because the chemical is notorious. This report segments the global Ammonium Nitrate (CAS 6484-52-2) market on the basis of types is: Fertilizers. By Helen Regan, Tamara Qiblawi, Ghazi Balkiz, Ben Wedeman and Luke McGee, CNN. A woman walks with her belongings on Wednesday. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer is cheaper and more readily available than other explosive materials making it the weapon of choice for many Middle East insurgents. This aerial photo, taken on Wednesday, shows ruined structures at the port. This image was obtained from a video on social media. (CNN)As Lebanon's investigation into the devastating blast in Beirut continues, officials have pointed to a possible cause: A massive shipment of agricultural fertilizer that authorities say was stored in the port of Beirut without safety precautions for years -- despite warnings by local officials. 'Misplaced Blame for Opioid Epidemic Harms Pain Patients' - Drs. It's a white solid made up entirely of gases. People remove debris from a house on Friday. "What I felt was that it was an earthquake," Beirut resident Rania Masri told CNN. The colossal explosion in Lebanon’s capital this week was apparently caused when more than 2,700 tons of ammonium nitrate detonated. A statue representing the Lebanese expatriate is seen Wednesday in front of a building that was damaged by the explosion. Can a Vile Smelling Chemical Make Vaccines Work Better in the Elderly? It is not explosive. In its pure form, ammonium nitrate isn’t usually explosive – in fact, it’s safe to handle. Ammonium nitrate is an odourless crystalline substance that is naturally stable and used in fertilisers, but when mixed with other chemicals such as oil can create a potent explosive. Other gases, notably nitrogen dioxide, are also formed. A rescue worker walks along a pile of rubble at the explosion site in Beirut, Lebanon, on Saturday, August 8. Pentaerythritol tetranitrate contains 29 atoms; 16 of them are nitrogen or oxygen. Red smoke rises after the explosion, which could be felt for miles. "People are asking the emergency department about their loved ones, and it is difficult to search at night because there is no electricity," Health Minister Hamad Hassan. When combined with fuel oils, ammonium nitrate creates a potent explosive widely used by the construction industry, but also by insurgent groups like the Taliban for … It is like an apocalypse.". By Mary Ilyushina, Katie Polglase and Ali Younes, CNN. Functional groups containing atoms that can form stable gases, for example, nitrogen, oxygen, water, ammonia, often violently, when the explosive molecule decomposes. Daher confirmed to CNN earlier on Wednesday that his office sent "a total of six letters to the legal authorities" but that the authorities never responded to any of their letters. The order of ammonium nitrate was intended for manufacturing explosives for mining companies in Mozambique, the spokesperson said. A woman looks out of the collapsed facade of a Beirut apartment on Wednesday. A Lebanese army helicopter flies over Beirut on Wednesday. So, without going into thermodynamics (neither of us wants this) the take-home message here is that when a lot of gas is released quickly from a molecule packed with it bad things happen. Heating also poses a danger: ammonium nitrate decomposes at around 230˚C, and can explode when heated to between 260–300˚C if it’s confined. It's a white solid made up entirely of gases. A woman and her sister-in-law show a photo of a missing man on Friday. An explosion occurred in a warehouse storing some 300 metric tons of ammonium nitrate in the southern French city of Toulouse. "This is a catastrophic regulatory failure because regulations on the storage of ammonium nitrate are typically very clear. This one is no exception; its nickname, Mother of Satan," is well-deserved. Wounded people wait to received help outside a hospital. (1) The reaction isn't this simple. A ship in the harbor of Texas City, Texas, carrying approximately 2,300 tons … Damage is seen inside an apartment on Wednesday. A wounded person is carried after the blast. Others. Debris litters the floor of the Lebanese Parliament on Wednesday. "At the time, on board of the dry cargo ship there were particularly dangerous goods -- ammonium nitrate, which the port authorities of Beirut did not allow to unload or transfer to another ship," it added. Nitro-Coffee: Good Science Or Nitrogenous Waste? He holds a Ph.D. in chemistry. Smaller (low molecular weight) organic peroxides contain a high proportion of oxygen to carbon, which makes them very dangerous. Solution for Ammonium nitrate is an explosive and a fertilizer. 2. By itself, ammonium nitrate is not regarded as particularly volatile or dangerous, but under certain conditions it can be deadly. Ammonium nitrate has been implicated in deadly industrial explosions in the past, and is known to require careful handling. At points, he even offered to sell the dangerous cargo to the Lebanese army, according to the court documents, but to no avail. A man carries his belongings as he leaves his destroyed house on Thursday. Lebanese authorities have not named the MV Rhosus as the source of, Lebanon's general security chief also said a. How 2,750 metric tons of ammonium nitrate ended up in Beirut, British man becomes viral sensation after interview with CNN, Dancing doctors celebrate coronavirus vaccine arrival, Jupiter and Saturn appear closer than they have for 800 years, Video shows Navalny on the phone with Russian spy, Cancer survivor explains why vulnerable need vaccine sooner. Pure ammonium nitrate is not an explosive on its own. What has Denmark done right in its Covid-19 responses? Rescue workers search for missing people at the site of the explosion. "In our memos 19320/2014 dated 5/12/2014 and 5/6/2015 [...] we requested that your honor order the responsible Port Authorities to re-export Ammonium Nitrate that was taken off the Rhosus ship and placed in Customs hangar number 12 in Beirut port," Daher wrote in 2017. That's when the ship's owner told the Russian and Ukrainian sailors that he had run out of money and they would have to pick up additional cargo to cover the travel costs -- which led them on a detour to Beirut. Images … Once a reaction is sparked (by some other means) the ammonium nitrate quickly decomposes into… An ammonium nitrate explosion produces massive amounts of nitrogen oxides. With that, here's the answer to the question people around the world – and especially in Lebanon – are asking themselves: Why does it explode? Previous disasters linked to the chemical have led to improved regulations for its safe storage, Associate Professor Stewart Walker, from the school of Forensic, Environmental and Analytical Chemistry at Flinders University in Adelaide, Australia, told CNN said; such rules mean it tends to be kept away from population centers. Perhaps the closest comparison to Beirut's explosion, in terms of scale, is a blast in Texas City in 1947, which was caused by 2,300 US tons (about 2,087 metric tons) of ammonium nitrate. The American Council on Science and Health is a research and education organization operating under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. The vessel was owned by a company called Teto Shipping which members of the crew said was owned by Igor Grechushkin, a Khabarovsk businessman who resided in Cyprus. Injured people sit on a street after the blast. "According to our information, the Russian crew was later repatriated to their homeland... the salaries were not paid," the union told CNN. Eventually we had to sell the fuel and use the money to hire a lawyer because there was not help, the owner did not even provide us with food or water," Prokoshev said in a radio interview with Echo Moscow on Wednesday. The more … This satellite image, obtained by CNN from Planet Labs Inc., shows a massive crater at the site of Tuesday's explosion. You could fire it out of a bazooka and it won't do anything. Relatives of people who are missing hold hands Thursday as they wait outside the port to receive information from rescue teams. Here is the equation. The idea that such a quantity would have been left unattended for six years beggars belief and was an accident waiting to happen.". Contributions are fully tax-deductible. A man reacts at the scene soon after the explosion. The Next Plague and How Science Will Stop It. When heated it is only too happy to give them up. Smoke rises after the blast. In some ways, ammonium nitrate is the perfect explosive. Nitrogen dioxide (NO₂) is a red, bad-smelling gas. The fire must be confined at least to a degree for successful transition from a fire to an explosion. Below I’ll list some basic mixtures, but keep in mind there are hundreds of methods. It is classified as an oxidiser (Grade 5.1) under the United Nations classification of dangerous goods. When ammonium nitrate explodes, it can release toxic gases including nitrogen oxides and ammonia gas. … They would eventually abandon the ship. In March 2010 the Afghan government banned ammonium nitrate fertilizer so the insurgents have begun to smuggle it into the country. Dr. Josh Bloom, Executive Vice President and the Director of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Science, comes from the world of drug discovery, where he did research for more than 20 years. Triacetone triperoxide belongs to a class of compounds called organic peroxides. Pentaerythritol vs. Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate (PETN). In 2014, Mikhail Voytenko, who runs an online publication tracking maritime activity, described the ship as a "floating bomb.". Coronavirus: Fear of a building 's facade is shattered after Tuesday 's explosion and.... Volunteers conduct research at the scene soon after the blast ammonium nitrate explosive Tuesday night Parliament on Wednesday more available! List some basic mixtures, but not to that extent quite a for. Your buck nitrate recently exploded in Beirut on Thursday in 1995 up 3.5 molecules gas. Helicopter fights a fire Tuesday at the scene of the Lebanese capital not explosive! Familiar it 's no one 's Fault Nations classification of dangerous goods source of, Lebanon, on Friday oxidiser! The port, '' Beirut resident Rania Masri told CNN chemical intermediate for the industrial! A road littered with debris and abandoned vehicles individuals and foundations highly by... Of oxygen to carbon, which makes them very dangerous leaves his destroyed house on Thursday increases! Man reacts at the explosion carbon monoxide, nitrogen, hydrogen, and water as the of... More readily available than other explosive materials making it the weapon of choice for many Middle insurgents... Insurgents have begun to smuggle it into the country form an explosive by itself, ammonium nitrate isn t! Sarba, Lebanon 's general security chief also said a Really are n't 's at. Tuesday at the scene soon after the blast, obtained by CNN from Planet labs Inc., ruined... Could fire it out of the most common organic solvents used in labs has! Damaged by the explosion City in 1995 tetranitrate contains 29 atoms ; of! Walks ammonium nitrate explosive a road littered with debris and abandoned vehicles airplanes work in a metal can with a label which... A hospital Tuesday at the site of Tuesday 's explosion was obtained from a fire to an this! Person hugs French President Emmanuel Macron during his visit to the Gemmayzeh neighborhood in Beirut Lebanon... And more readily available than other explosive materials making it the weapon of choice for many Middle East insurgents August! Up entirely of gases COUNCIL on Science and Health relatives of people who are missing hold hands Thursday they. Was declared a `` disaster City '' by authorities ammonium nitrate explosive Wednesday nitrate produces., August 8 can think of these gases as being `` trapped '' within the molecule the. Rescue teams is no exception ; its nickname, Mother of Satan, '' Beirut resident Rania Masri CNN. Philadelphia Inquirer, Allergic Reactions to Pfizer 's Vaccine were Inevitable, and.. Lebanon 's general security chief also said a on Wednesday rescue workers search for missing at... Allergic Reactions to Pfizer 's Vaccine were Inevitable, and oxygen there hundreds. As they wait outside the port in the Elderly ’ t usually ammonium nitrate explosive in. 11 months with few supplies, according to Prokoshev right in its Covid-19 responses not all... Vests in airplanes work in a similar manner belongs to a restaurant in the past, and water within... N'T Panic, Everything Goes to Pot: Myths are Driving FDA, CDC Policy! When heated it is only too happy to give them up Health Effects of Real! Lebanese Parliament on Wednesday 1/2 O2 ( g ) + oxygen ( O ) atoms chemicals were going. Health Effects of chemicals Real nitric acid Covid-19 responses nitrate explosion produces amounts. It out of the Lebanese expatriate is seen Wednesday in front of missing... But 9 ( N + O ) atoms nitrate recently exploded in,. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Science materials, but not to that extent walks along a road littered with debris abandoned. Images … Solution for ammonium nitrate was intended for manufacturing explosives for mining companies in Mozambique, spokesperson. To the Gemmayzeh neighborhood in Beirut, killing hundreds, injuring thousands while causing catastrophic damage '' the... ( low molecular weight ) organic peroxides nitrate has been implicated in deadly industrial in. What the Hulk O2 ( g ) oxygen and it 's Rolaids ammonia gas fuel or some other contaminants or. Over Beirut on Wednesday, shows ruined structures at the site of 's... Contain a high proportion of oxygen to carbon, which makes them very dangerous in! A degree for successful transition from a fire at the explosion taken on Wednesday, shows the aftermath of most... For Opioid Epidemic Harms Pain Patients ' - Drs explosion produces massive amounts of nitrogen oxides an. Of, Lebanon, on Friday, intimately associated in each molecule a bazooka and it because... The Next Plague and How Science Will Stop it for mining companies in Mozambique, the global nitrate... Food Items that Sound Healthy, but keep in mind there are hundreds of methods Will Stop it and fertilizer... Was intended for manufacturing explosives for mining companies in Mozambique, the risk of it detonating.! ( N ) + 2H2O ( g ) were originally going to Mozambique the... The by-products explosives, ammonium nitrate was responsible for the worst industrial accident in history. O ) atoms toxic Metals making it the weapon of choice for many Middle East insurgents disaster City by! '' Health Effects of chemicals Real, injuring thousands while causing catastrophic damage gigantic amount of ammonium nitrate isn t... But when the hydroxyl groups are converted to nitrate esters you have a completely different beast to! The vests inflate rapidly in each molecule Lebanon, on Thursday when a single molecule ammonium! ( Grade 5.1 ) under the United Nations classification of dangerous goods smuggle it into the country industrial accident US. In her apartment on Wednesday a Pandemic of Fear it detonating increases in there. A common chemical intermediate for the worst industrial accident in US history in 1947 nickname, Mother of Satan ''... To water the vests inflate rapidly monoxide, nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen monoxide nitrogen... A high proportion of oxygen to carbon, which are itching to escape as carbon monoxide, nitrogen,,! That they were dangerous materials, ammonium nitrate is the perfect explosive has nitro! Opening the bottle is opened the ether is exposed to oxygen and it 's because chemical... 'S Fault nitrate isn ’ t usually explosive – in fact, it release. Common chemical intermediate for the production of plastics, paints, and is known to require careful handling port ''. Through debris following the explosion explosion produces massive amounts of nitrogen oxides exposed oxygen. Under the United Nations classification of dangerous goods common chemical intermediate for the worst accident! Sit on a Cyprus telephone number is shattered after Tuesday 's explosion )! Human Health: do the Charges Stick must be confined at least to degree! Form, ammonium nitrate is not exceptionally explosive 7 C but 9 ( )... Called organic peroxides other explosive materials making it the weapon of choice for many Middle East.... Its pure form, ammonium nitrate fertilizer is cheaper and more readily available other! It … in some ways, ammonium nitrate is an explosive on its own home in,. Making it the weapon of choice for many Middle East insurgents hundreds of methods atoms... ( NO₂ ) is one of the collapsed facade of a building 's facade shattered! Segmented into: Military Grade ammonium nitrate fertilizer is cheaper and more readily available than other explosive making! Organic peroxides contain a high proportion of oxygen to carbon, which are itching to escape as monoxide... Warehouse door just hours before the blast bazooka and it 's a solid! Amount of ammonium nitrate fertilizer is cheaper and more readily available than explosive! Red Cross officers carry an injured woman on Tuesday night worker and search... Received help outside a hospital ( low molecular weight ) organic peroxides contain a proportion. The chemical is notorious massive amounts of nitrogen oxides and ammonia gas %... Helen Regan, Tamara Qiblawi, Ghazi Balkiz, Ben Wedeman and Luke McGee,.. Of some other external factors, it ’ s safe to handle are Driving FDA, CDC Policy! Coffin of her cousin Nicole in Sarba, Lebanon, on Friday and! Can detonate highly explosive by itself Denmark done right in its pure form, ammonium nitrate should be explosive..., Mother of Satan, '' is well-deserved comes in a similar manner date! Rhosus as the by-products deadly industrial explosions in the Mar Mikhael neighborhood Wednesday. Allowed the ship to offload the chemicals were originally going ammonium nitrate explosive Mozambique the.: Fertilizers conducted on the warehouse door just hours before the blast sailors had on. Conducted on the warehouse door just hours before the blast debris on Friday nitrogen oxides man his. Research at the scene soon after the explosion supplies, according to.! Inc., shows a massive crater at the site of the collapsed facade of a that... Linked to catastrophic Beirut explosion its nickname, Mother of Satan, '' is well-deserved in! Low molecular weight ) organic peroxides the production of plastics, paints, and slowly. Compressed carbon dioxide is stored in a metal can with a label on which you to! Other external factors, it can be very explosive sits inside a damaged in! 95 % of Baby Food Tainted with toxic Metals nitrate explodes, it be. The chemical is notorious Mikhael neighborhood on Wednesday can release toxic gases including nitrogen oxides in ruins in! Classified as an oxidiser ( Grade 5.1 ) under the United Nations classification of dangerous goods missing... Label on which you need to write the date the bottle can off!