One to 4 offspring, called "porcupettes," are born in a separate grass-lined birth chamber within the burrow system. Both the male and female African Porcupines weigh from 10 to 24 kilograms (22 to 53 pounds) with very large specicimens weighing up … If the disturbance continues, they stamp their feet, whirr quills and charge the enemy, back end first, attempting to stab with the thicker, shorter quills (Nowak 1991; Grzimek 1990). It's an inaccurate scientific description as porcupines are rodents and pigs are even-toed ungulates.                                                 Â, What you need to know about the CARES Act. Porcupine Quills. The African Crested Porcupine is also known as the Cape Porcupines, which is really fun because we are here in Cape May so he's a great ambassador for us in the Education Department. African crested porcupines are not endangered, but because they eat cultivated crops they are seen as agricultural pests. Please be sure to do your research on state laws and license requirements prior to contacting us. African-crested porcupines are the largest species of porcupines in the world. African Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a species of rodent in the Hystricidae family. represent 0.5–34% of lion Panthera leo kills, interactions between the two species are poorly documented. Porcupines have been known to injure lions, leopards, hyenas, even humans. These porcupines have much longer quills than the North American porcupines you will see in our walkthrough. The zoo's gardeners bring them logs, sticks and leafy branches, and Sharpie and Nolina carry these around and chew the bark off of them. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Jun 8, 2018 - African Folk-lore that tells the story of vain Porcupine and how Jackel tricked him out of his luxurious coat of fur only to end up with Porcupine’s well known prickly spines. The quills of crested porcupines serve as an effective defense against predation. and are about 30” in length, and have very poor vision. It serves as an insulator keeping the porcupine warm in the winter. They have sharp claws and can climb trees to feed on the bark and twigs high off the ground. How Can I Make Sure My Rabbit Wears Its Teeth Down? Help expand the Oregon Zoo's local and global conservation efforts by joining our Conservation Circle. The guard hairs are over the top of the underfur on the back and tail. The barb at the end is like a fish hook -- it embeds itself in the muscle of whatever attacked the porcupine. Your donation will help build on the successes of the Future for Wildlife program, which has provided funding for conservation projects around the world since 1998. Her gentle eyes are a deep brown. Toxoplasma gondii in an African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) Tara M. Harrison,1 Jamee Black Moorman, Steven R. Bolin, Nicole L. Grosjean, Ailam Lim, Scott D. Fitzgerald Abstract. • The word porcupine means ‘quill pig.’ • They are the largest rodent in Africa and the largest of the porcupines. Though they forage alone, they live in small family groups made up of an adult pair and their young, both infants and juveniles. Terrestrial porcupines are found in the warmer regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. It serves as an insulator keeping the porcupine warm in the winter. They live about 20 years, both in the wild and in captivity. African Crested Porcupines are the 3rd largest rodent in the world, with some indivuduals weighing as much as 60lbs. These prickles are wide, thin walled and hollow-tipped. This rodent is 25 – 29 inches long (63-73 cm) and weighs about 18 – 51 pounds (8-23 kg). The underfur is a thick yet very fine dark-colored hair covering the skin. The word porcupine in Latin means "quill pig." The North African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine on earth. What Does the Gray Squirrel Use Its Claws For? The quills are a modified hair, made from keratin like human hair, but hardened. • “Porcupine” comes from the Latin porcus for pig and spina for spine: “spiny pig.” • All Old World porcupines have spines of some sort, but their spines lack the barbules that characterize the spines of North American porcupines. If this fails, it runs backwards and rams the attacker with the short, thick quills on its backside. Females usually have one litter per year after a pregnancy lasting about 112 days. They are also killed for their quills, which are used as ornaments and talismans. Their distinguishing feature is the coating of the head, nape, tail, and back of the body in long quills. Porcupines are the largest and heaviest of all African rodents. Its body is covered with coarse quills 1 to 13 inches long and of varying thicknesses. The second use involves digging his strong claws in to trees to anchor himself as he climbs. They are nocturnal and forage alone at night, traveling up to 9 miles in their search for food. These are two other adaptations of hair covering the porcupine's body. We are a USDA licensed facility. Empower Her. Keepers provide them with many opportunities to wear down their teeth. Porcupines are very well adapted for their lives in the woods. Turbo's longest quills can reach up to 13 inches. These animals have been observed to 11,000 feet, that is over two miles high! They are covered in flat, prickly hairs, and have sharp quills of up to 30 cm long and spines of 50 cm on their flanks and back. Porcupines have a good sense of smell, which they use to find fallen fruit or edible roots and bulbs. Range: African continent south of the Sahara to South Africa . Crested Porcupine has somewhat long, coal-colored hair that falls evenly on either side of her head with distinctive, "quill"-like striped locks framing her round face. The solid and sharp quills, covering the body of this animal, serve as a mean of self-defense against predators and are 35 cm (14 in) in length, displaying alternating light and dark stripes. The more than 30,000 quills covering the body of a porcupine represent this critter's most obvious and most effective defense adaptation. The African crested porcupine is one of the largest rodents in the world, weighing up to 30 kilograms (kg), and growing nearly up to 1 meter (m) in length. Armstrong grew up on a dairy farm in western Washington and wrote agricultural news while in college. It lives in hilly, rocky habitats in sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of their burrows; in some areas, farmers illegally use poison to kill them. Keepers also offer them antlers to carry around and chew. Because they are rodents, their teeth keep growing throughout their lives, like beavers and rats. They develop elaborate burrows to house this family group. Appearances. The Oregon Zoo's African crested porcupines Sharpie and Nolina live in the Africa Rainforest exhibit. The African Crested Porcupine features sturdy, sharp quills, which are about 14 inches long and marked with alternating light and dark bands. The sharp, sturdy quills of the African crested porcupine give it highly effective protection against predators. Some people also keep African crested porcupines (Hystrix cristata) as pets. Quill you join us for a stroll? Porcupines have four sharp incisor teeth in the front of their mouth. • Porcupines often gnaw bones for their minerals and also to sharpen their powerful incisors. African crested porcupines are 24 to 36 inches long, not counting their 3 to 6 ½ inch tail. How Do Porcupines Communicate With Each Other? These are stiff, hollow hairs made of keratin and approximately three inches in length with a sharp barb at the end. US sales only. The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. In the wild, porcupines have been known to collect and chew bones. Underfur and Guard Hairs. The back have five toes. Just like hairs, these quills fall out, or shed, periodically. PART OF WILD SKY MEDIA | FAMILY & PARENTING, Exploring Nature: The Sharp Adaptation Of Porcupines, Minnesota Department Of Natural Resources: Pricklepigs, BBC Nature: Porcupine's Prickly Defence Mystery. The porcupine's front feet have four toes. South African por­cu­pines are found from sea level to 2000 m above sea level in most areas with veg­e­ta­tion. Today we’re taking African crested porcupine Sharpie for a walk! A "crest" of spiny hair accentuates the very top of her head, awash in a black-to-white gradient. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. • African crested porcupines are the largest porcupines in the world and the largest rodent in Africa. African crested porcupines eat tubers, bark, bulbs, fallen fruit and cultivated root crops. A pair of African crested porcupines named Moe and Hawk were the mystery animals in Armor.Moe and Hawk were the mystery animals in Armor. Shape The World. African Crested Porcupine. They leave the den about a week later, just as their quills begin to harden. Male African Crested Porcupine, born 8/5/20, bottle raised and friendly. They are full of energy, curiosity and needs. This behavior, along with the black and white warning coloration, is enough to discourage most predators. The black & white quills along the head and back can be raised into a crest, thus the name. As the quill victim tries to free itself, the sharp barb only digs in further. To prevent the teeth from curling over, porcupines trim their teeth by chewing on wood. © 2020 WILD SKY MEDIA. They are rodents with long, sharp front teeth that grow throughout their lives. There are black and white quills on the neck and back. This species is proving to be very adaptable to the varied habitats of it's home range. New quills will grow in to replace lost ones. Habitat: Found in varied habitats. They are stocky with thick short legs. Please keep us updated on your baby porker. They eat leaves, twigs, buds and even bark. Yet Latin isn't the only language misidentifying the porcupine: The French word equivalent to the English porcupine is porc espin or "spined pig". The head is roundish and rather domed, with a blunt muzzle and small eyes and ears. They often take shel­ter in caves or antbear (Oryc­tero­pus afer) holes. 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